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MCI FMG Examination

Introduced in 2002, Medical Council of India Screening Test, also known as Foreign Medical Graduates Examination (FMGE), is a licensure examination conducted by the National Board of Examinations (NBE) in India. The test is one of the mandatory requirements for an Indian citizen who has a medical degree from a college outside India to practice medicine in the country.

The other requirement is a compulsory one-year internship at an Indian hospital attached to a medical college (teaching hospital), at MCI-recognised hospital, or even outside India, but internship completion certificate has to counter-attested by an Indian mission, embassy, or consulate office there.

The screening test was introduced as a qualifying examination for Indian students obtaining their medical degrees from countries other than India, such as countries belonging to the former Soviet Union, Eastern European countries, China, Nepal, Philippines, Caribbean countries, etc. Indian doctors holding basic medical degrees from any country have to take the MCI screening test. The Medical School from which the student graduated should have been listed in the WHO international directory of Medical Schools to make a student eligible to appear the examination.

The legality of the test was challenged in the Indian courts and was upheld by the Supreme Court of India in 2009.

But, this test has generated controversy with accusations that it is unfair and lacks transparency—for example, not allowing examinees to retain their question paper after examination, or not showing the exact marks or answer sheet upon appeal for failure. An appeal petition filed under RTI India to reveal the marks of an appealing student was not granted.

This examination is held twice in year in March and September on the last Sunday of the month.

Passing Statistics

  • Average pass out rate is between 10 to 25 percentage only.
  • According to figures available with the National Board of Examination (NBE) which conducts the qualifying exam, of the 14,476 students that appeared in the screening test in 2012, only 3,150 were qualified to practice in India. In 2011, 13,270 medical graduates took the exam, but only 3,576 were qualified.
  • The number of foreign medical degree holders who got permanent registration with the Medical Council of India has also been meager. The figures stood at 2,541 and 1,077 in 2011–2012 and 2010–2011, respectively
  • In 2010 and 2011, out of the total 7,854 students who did their MBBS from Russia, only 1,133 passed in the screening test here.